President Carlos Alvarado will present the proposal to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change to support the actions that the nation is taking about the reduction of greenhouse gas emanations in the fight against Climate Change.
This proposal defines, as the main goal, to modify the lifestyle of persons that are using their own car, for time-saving reasons, to get from one point to another. In this way, the air, that is getting contaminated by automobiles, should improve and afford a better life quality for the citizens. Furthermore, it is an objective to fight against the direct effects of climate change at the same time as making sure to provide a better future for the next generations.One of the main challenges is transportation. We have become dependent on petroleum for our mobility, but it is time to change to other sources of alternative and clean energy.
To reach these changes, support from all sectors of the country is essential. For this reason, the Costa Rican Energy Institute (ICE), the Costa Rican Petroleum Refinery (RECOPE), the Ministry of Public Works and Transportation (MOPT), the Ministry of Environment Energy and Technology (MINAET) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Cattle Raising (MAG) have been involved in the “Country Program” (Programa país)
As part of this presentation, the opinions of the principal hierarchs of the government have been pronounced. The first lady Claudia Dobles, for example, pointed out that it is one of the main objectives to get more passable cities, giving priority to the pedestrians; and also the transportation that generates more space so that the people can love their cities, can move flexibly and become independent of motorized transportation.
In the last 10 month, the government has been working on the proposal in order to be executed with concrete goals. The proposal has to be time-related and the authorities have to compromise to execute their goals from their working spaces.
The current proposal focuses on working on 10 main axes:
1. Developing a public transportation system (train, buses)
Part of the changes that were proposed is the decentralization of the use of fossil fuels for clean and renewable energies and change the current transportation service for an electric transportation service.
- 2035: 70% of the buses and taxis should be zero emissions. The public transportation will be 100% electric.
- 2050: The transportation system should substitute private vehicles as the main option for mobility and 100% of the buses and taxis should be zero emission.
2.Transforming progressively the fossil fuel vehicle fleet of the country to zero emission vehicles
Part of the proposed ideas has been the use of hydrogen as an alternative source. Also, they will provide a network of electric recharging stations all over the country with a complementary infrastructure for zero-emission technologies.
- 2025: The growth of motorcycle purchases will stabilize and standards will be adopted to increase the sales of motorcycles zero emissions.
- 2035: 25% of the vehicle fleet will be electric.
- 2050: 100% of the sells of light vehicles – private or public- will be zero emission.
3. Reducing the environmental impact of the freight transport of the country favouring the efficient energies and vehicles of low carbon emissions.
- 2022: The country will have a public inventory of the emissions of the freight vehicle fleet
- 2050: At least 50% of the freight transportation will be highly efficient and will have reduced the emissions by about 20% compared to the emissions of 2018
4. Strengthen the national electrical system of delivery and use of renewable energy for a competitive cost for the users. Improving the efficient management of clients and territories during the digitization of institutional and commercial processes.
- 2030: the electrical matrix of the country will be operating with 100% of renewable energies.
- 2050: The electric energy will be the source of the main energy provided for the transportation, residential and commercial sector.
5. Developing commercial, residential and institutional buildings and applying standards of high efficiency and low emissions
- 2030: 100% of new commercial, residential or institutional buildings will be designed and build according to the system of resilience and low emission technologies.
- 2050: 100% of the commercial, residential and institutional buildings will operate with low emission as well as the use of renewable energies while cooking or heating water.
6. Modernize the industrial sector through the application of electric, sustainable and more efficient processes.
- 2030: There will be a comprehensive design strategy and business models that consider the necessary actions to mitigate and take responsibility for the impact of a product from birth, distribution and subsequent disposal: what is called “cradle to grave”.
- 2050: The industrial sector will support more sources that are using low emission energies.
7. Develop a comprehensive waste management system based on the separation, reuse, revaluation and final disposal of maximum efficiency and low emissions.
- 2022: Strategy and National Plan of Better Technological Options will be counted to reduce methane emissions by organic waste.
- 2030: Costa Rica will have a citizen and business culture oriented to a lower generation, waste and successful management of them.
- 2050: 100% of the territory will have solutions for the collection, separation, reuse and disposal of waste.
8. Support the adoption of efficient and low carbon food technology that generates exportation and also for local consumption.
2050: At least 50% of the freight transportation will be highly efficient and will have reduced the emissions by about 20%compared to the emissions of 2018.
9. Strengthen the cattle rancher models based on productive efficiency and a reduction of the gases causing the greenhouse effect.
- 2050: National producers will have to adopt the most advanced technology according to standards of sustainability, competitiveness and low emissions.
10. Consolidation of a management model for rural, urban and coastal territories that facilitates the protection of biodiversity, the increase and maintenance of forest cover and ecosystem services based on nature-based solutions.
- 2030: Increase forest coverage in Costa Rica to 60% to consolidate biological corridors and increase the availability of green areas for recreation.
Costa Rica is making a difference in environmental issues. The launch of the Decarbonization Plan for the economy is proof of this. We are living the consequences of Climate Change and it is time to take action, we can not postpone the issue anymore, we need to start making changes in the short term.
The government has a commitment to formulate guidelines and laws that support this policy but within a program of incentives for society and for the main productive activities of the country.
We need to start gradually moving from current economic styles to investment businesses that are more friendly to the future environment. We are the generation that has the responsibility to make a change if we want to improve the quality of life of the inhabitants and to assure that this process is sustainable over time.
With this commitment on November 2, ARA Tours, as a private company, formally enter in the Carbon Neutrality Program with the objective of measuring and compensating its carbon footprint in its operational part and working from its reach in the axes of the Decarbonization Plan Costa Rica 2018-2050.